Matches or Lighters
Remember that these are not toys and that you should never play with fire. Parents you should keep these out of reach of all children. Store them up high, preferably in a locked cabinet. Teach your children to get an adult if they find matches or a lighter. Let them know that fire can hurt them and destroy things.
Install Smoke Alarms
Be sure to have smoke alarms outside all sleeping areas and on every level of your home, including the basement. Test your smoke detectors monthly, and change their batteries once a year. If you are hearing impaired, use tested and approved smoke detectors that trigger a strobe light.
Get Out and Stay Out
When children see smoke or fire they often respond by trying to hide, for example, in a closet or under a bed. Tell your children that they cannot hide from fire but they must escape immediately by following a few simple rules.
- Prepare and practice a home fire escape plan with your children.
- Plan two ways to get out of every room.
- Practice fire drills at least twice a year with your children.
- In an apartment fire, your children need to know which stairway will get them out of the building.
- Tell your children never to take an elevator during a fire.
- Decide on a planned meeting area outside the home as part of your fire escape plan.
- Tell your children never to go back into a burning building!
- Teach your children how to call 911 from a neighbour's phone.
Stop, Drop and Roll
If your clothing should catch on fire. You should:
- STOP where you are. Don't Run.
- DROP to the ground.
- Cover your face with your hands, then ROLL over and over until the flames are out.
Crawl low under smoke
Teach your children to get down on their hands and knees and crawl low under the smoke to the nearest exit. Tell them smoke is poisonous and that they need to stay close to the ground where the air is cooler and cleaner.
React to smoke alarms
Tell your children to get out of the house immediately when they hear the sound of the smoke alarm. Teach your child how important smoke alarms are by testing them once a month. Change the battery at least once a year.
Stove elements and ovens can burn you and start fires. Be attentive and remember these:
- Always stay with the stove when cooking.
- Keep your stove-top and oven clean and clear.
- Wear tight-fitting or rolled-up sleeves when cooking to avoid catching your clothing on fire.
- Keep combustible materials away from the stove. Don't hang curtains, pot holders, or towels near burners or the oven.
- Turn pot handles inward so they can't be bumped or pulled.
- Enforce a "kid-free zone" 3 feet (1 meter) around all cooking equipment.
- If a small fire starts in a pan, carefully slide a lid over the pan to smother the flames, turn off the burner and slide off the burner. Leave the lid in place until the pan is cool. Never attempt to carry the pan to a sink or outdoors
- Never pour water on a grease fire.
- In microwave ovens, use only those containers designed for microwave use.
In the spring, currents flow in creeks and rivers with incredible speed. Make sure that your children are aware that the water is moving fast and can be dangerous to get close to.
- Swim only if there is a lifeguard or if a grown-up gives you permission to swim.
- Take swimming lessons.
- Follow water safety rules.
- Wade into the water if you're swimming in a lake, pond or river.
- Get out of water right away if you hear thunder or see lightning.
- DO NOT eat candy or chew gum when you are swimming.
- DO NOT dive off piers or rocks.
Also visit the Hazard House for more safety prevention information.